The History and Prestige of the Australian Open and the Grand Slam Tournaments

L’Open Australia It is one of 4 Grand Slam tournaments, alongside Roland Garros, Wimbledon and the US Open. For a tennis player, completing the Grand Slam, that is, winning all four tournaments in the same year, is the most coveted achievement of all.

The Grand Slam originated in the 1920s and 1930s, but only took its current form. in 1969, when the distinction between professional and amateur tennis players was put aside. For a long time, the Australian Open was the tournament the least important of the fourbut since the 1980s, when it moved to its current location in Melbourne, it has made money grand prestige.

The Australian Open did not brought a lot of satisfaction to Italian tennis players. At least until the participation of Jannik sinner to the 2024 edition.

History of the Australian Open

The Australian Open was born in 1905 with the name of Australasian Championships and included men’s singles and doubles competitions. In 1922, the women and in 1927 the tournament took the name of the Australian Championships, which became Open d’Australie en 1969.

The venue changed several times and two editions in the early 20th century were even held in New Zealand. Since 1988, the tournament has been held at Melbourne Park on synthetic fields (in all previous sites they played on grass). Even the racing period was not always the same and only since 1987, it has been set for the month of January.

Until the Second World War, the European and American champions they rarely participated in the tournament, due to the distance (a long boat trip was necessary to reach Australia). After the war attendance increased, but until the 1980s the Australian Open was considered the least important of the four Grand Slams.

Today the tournament is very prestigious and, like the other three, guarantees excellent income for tennis players: participation alone, with elimination in the first round, brings in more than 70 000 euros and the winner receives a prize of almost two million!

The winners of the Australian Open and the results of the Italians

Until 2023, they were contested 110 editions of men’s singles. The tennis player who has won the most victories is Djokovicwith 10 successes between 2008 and 2023. Among women, the most successful is Marguerite Courtwith eleven victories between 1960 and 1973.

But for Italian players, the Australian Open offered little satisfaction. The best performance in men’s singles, before the current feat of Jannik sinnerwas the semi-final reached by Matteo Berrettini in 2022. Among the women, no Italian has ever made it past the quarter-finals.

What is the Grand Slam

The Grand Slam includes the four tennis tournaments which reward the higher score for the ranking of tennis players (the ranking ATP for men and WTA for women) and I guarantee The biggest prizes:

  • Open Australiawhich takes place in Melbourne in January on synthetic pitches.
  • French Openalso known as Roland Garros, which takes place in Paris between May and June on clay.
  • Wimbledon Championshipsthe oldest, which is played between June and July in Wimbledon (a district of London) on grass.
  • US Openwhich is played in New York, on demanding terrains, between the end of August and the beginning of September.

Why are these four tournaments the most prestigious?

The origins of the Grand Slam date back to the early decades of the 20th century, when the popularity of tennis increased in the Western world. In 1923, the International Lawn Tennis Federation decided to consider it an “official championship”. the tournaments of England, France, the United States and Australia, all countries in which tennis has gained great popularity. In just a few years, the four tournaments have become the most prestigious in the world. In 1933, the Definition of Grand Slamborrowed from bridge (in which it indicates the maximum shot that can be made) and already used in golf.

Until 1968, they participated in Grand Slam tournaments only amateur tennis players. Only in 1969 the International Federation agreed to “unify” professional and amateur tennis. Thus began theit was open», which lasts forever and makes no distinction between amateurs and professionals.

Who completed the Grand Slam

Few tennis players have completed the Grand Slam. Before the open era, only the American succeeded in men’s singles Don Move in 1938 and the Australian Rod Laver in 1962; since the beginning of the open era, the only one to have completed it was Laver himself, in 1969. Among the women, they achieved the Grand Slam, the Australian. Marguerite Court in 1973 and German Steffi Graf in 1988.

Some tennis players have completed the “Career Grand Slam“, that is, they won all four tournaments during their career, but not in the same year. In the open era they succeeded Andre Agassi, Roger Federer, Rafael Nadal Et Novak Djokovic; in the female domain, Chris Evert, Martina Navratilova, Serena Williams Et Maria Sharapova. Other players have completed Grand Slam tournaments in doubles.

ET Italians? The results were not brilliant. In men’s singles, the only victories in Grand Slam tournaments were those at Roland Garros in Nicolas Pietrangeli (1959 and 1960). Adriano Panatta (1976). In women, Francesca Schiavone he won Roland Garros in 2010 and Flavia Pennetta l’US Open 2015.

2024-01-28 12:16:39
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