Basketball is among the most popular sports in the world, in USA It has become one of the centers of attention that ‘steals’ the eyes of millions of viewers who follow the best team on the planet.
Since its invention in 1891, great stars such as Michael Jordan, Magic Johnson, Kobe Bryant y Lebron James; players who have marked an era in international basketball.
One of the most important components of the swing basket In addition to the players, the hoops and the ball, it is the rectangle where the vibrant games are held in different countries and continents.
The playing field is made up of a flat, hard floor and is mostly made of wood. The surface is covered by a roof that must not be less than 7 meters. The measurements of the playing rectangle, according to the International Balloon Federation (FIBA) must be from 28 meters long by 15 meters wide.
You may also be interested in: Basketball court for Cota)
In addition, the court must have even lighting and uniform, which does not affect the players inside the surface, the referees and the table officials.
Lines of the game box.
Lines of the game box
The pitch is made up of several straight, circular and semicircular lines which, failing that, are painted white and have a width of 5 centimeters. These lines have a key function within the development of the game, since they demarcate the edges of the field and frame several sectors of the field.
The rectangle is delimited by two lateral lines and two horizontal lines that are not considered part of the field of play; in fact, if a player steps on one of these lines with the ball in hand, it is considered ‘out’ and the match must be restarted with a serve.
In addition, the court must be free for at least 2 meters from the demarcations of the side lines.
Lines within the field of play
In the 28 m with 15 m, there are a series of lines that delimit various areas of the game. The center line is parallel to the vertical lines and divides the field in two. On this line is the central circle that must have a radius of one meter and 80 centimeters.
Also, there are free throw lines, restricted areas and free throw corridors. One of the most important areas in basketball and that has defined great championships in the world, they are the three-point basket zones; two perpendicular lines in each half of the field.
It is one of the most important objects in basketball, a ball that weighs between the 567 and 650 grams and that by regulation of the FIBA It must be orange in color with eight panels that are demarcated by black channels.
This flat object must be made of tempered or safety glass, with an outer frame that supports the structure. In the central part is the scoring basket, which must have an internal diameter of 45 centimeters and a height of 3.8 meters from the ground.