Ice Hockey Basics

ice hockey

Probably the best known sport on the ice, ice hockey is a fast paced field game that involves a variety of strategies and tactics. It also provides an excellent workout for the hands, arms, and legs. The game is played by two teams of six players each, with two defenders, three forwards, and a goaltender. There are two blue lines that separate the ice into three defensive zones. The offensive zone is marked with a red stripe that runs from the end of the rink. Each team has its own unique defensive and offensive system.

The forwards are typically two wingers. Each team has a centre, who is responsible for passing the puck. The defencemen generally stay together in pairs. They help defend the opposing team and help keep the puck in play. They also help slow the game down and break up fights. They can also bodycheck opponents into boards.

The ice hockey puck can be hit at up to 160kph. This is not only a dangerous sport, but it can be a very exciting game to watch. Ice hockey is most popular in countries where there is a reliable supply of ice. The game is also played in the United States and Canada, where many NHL teams are based.

The game consists of three periods of 20 minutes each. If the game is tied at the end of the first period, it is often decided by a penalty shootout. The team with the most goals wins the shootout. The penalty shootout consists of three players from each team. The shootout can be sudden death, with each team being awarded one shot to determine the winner. If the teams are tied at the end of the shootout, the game goes to overtime. If the game goes to overtime, the teams are divided into two groups. The winner is determined by the team with the most goals at the end of the overtime period.

Deflection is an offensive strategy that redirects a shot from the other team. Players can trap the puck, and can also pass it for a scoring chance. The puck can also come back onto the ice from outside the rink.

Penalties are given at the discretion of the officials. Penalties can be assessed for diving, high-sticking, holding opponents’ sticks, roughing, boarding, and delay of game. A two-minute minor penalty is typically charged for less serious infractions. A major penalty requires the team to sit out for five minutes in the penalty box.

During play, the puck is not allowed to cross the centre line. If the puck crosses the centre line, it is considered dead and play is stopped. The puck can be played back onto the ice from outside the ice, but it is considered dead when it leaves the perimeter of the rink.

The two main forecheck systems are 1-4 and 2-2-2. The 1-4 system is a conservative system that relies on a forward pressure puck carrier to disrupt the opponent’s passing game. This type of forechecking is also known as a neutral zone trap.