What is Judo?


Originally known as Jiu-Jitsu, Judo is a Japanese martial art that evolved from unarmed combat techniques. The word judo means “gentle way” and is a literal translation of the Chinese character “do” or “bu”. The concept of softness and gentleness is an important part of judo.

Judo is a competitive sport where competitors are required to score more points than their opponents. In order to score, the opponent must be immobilized and the judoka must pin or throw the opponent. However, the rules of Judo are very strict and the sport requires respect for one’s opponent. During a match, the judoka can only use techniques that are legal. If an illegal technique is used, the judoka may be penalized.

The sport focuses on groundwork and throwing techniques, but it also involves a variety of moves. Some of the most popular techniques in judo are throws, submissions and ground work. It is also known as a sport that contributes to education. Judo is a sport that can be used to develop problem solving skills, as well as mental sharpness. In addition, it is a great way to improve your physical fitness.

When practicing judo, a judoka can improve their balance, foot speed and timing. The sport also involves a moral code, including respect for opponents, self-control and modesty. Performing judo drills can help a beginner learn the basic techniques and can help a more advanced athlete improve their performance.

In the first phase of the match, the opponent attempts to throw the judoka. A judoka can also try to submit the opponent by using a guard or by trying to roll the opponent over. If the opponent fails to land on their back, they may get a waza-ari.

In the standing phase, judo techniques are divided into standing joint-locks, holding techniques and strangleholds. Standing chokes are also legal, but they are much harder to apply than throws. In addition to these techniques, the judoka must master their opponents with their body and mind. A judoka can gain a waza ari by pinning their opponent for 10-20 seconds. If they are unsuccessful, the opponent may tap out.

Judo is also known as an Olympic sport, and the International Judo Federation (IJF) is the governing body of judo worldwide. Competitions are held internationally, with judoka competing in professional IJF circuits. Traditionally, judoka wear white uniforms, but colored belts are now used to indicate rank.

There are strict rules in judo, and breaking these rules can result in disqualification. The rules of Judo also aim to keep people safe and prevent injuries. Some of the most common judo moves are takedowns and submissions, but some judoka mix these techniques together. Judo is an excellent way to improve mental sharpness and problem solving skills, but it can be difficult for beginners to master.

The first thing a judoka must do when they begin training is to grasp the gi correctly. The gi is a thick, quilted cotton jacket that is attached to the judoka’s waist with a belt. The uniform also includes a mat, which is made from a soft material. The mat is intended to prevent injury during grappling and to keep judoka safe during sparring.