Things You Should Know About Ice Hockey

ice hockey

Whether you are a fan or are considering playing ice hockey, there are many things to know about it. Among the things you should know are the rules, the zones of the rink, and what to expect from penalties and overtime periods.

Goalies are forbidden to play puck in the “corners” of the rink

Whether you’re playing hockey or just watching it, you may be surprised to learn that goalies are forbidden to play the puck in the “corners” of the rink. This rule was introduced to slow down goaltenders’ movement during periods of prolonged offensive attacks.

In the past, goalies would often carry the puck over the blue line to gain possession of the puck in the offensive zone. However, this practice was becoming less effective, and the trapezoid rule was introduced to limit the options available to goaltenders to advance the puck.

Before the rule was introduced, skilled goaltenders were able to clear the puck from the end and skate into the corner to pass it to another player. This made it harder for the defense to clear the puck out of the defensive end.

Ice is divided into three zones

During a hockey game, the rink is divided into three main sections: the center ice, the offensive and the defensive zones. Hockey is a physical game, which means players must be able to move around the rink and play in the right position.

Each team has five “skaters” with assigned positions. These players can be substituted at any point during a game. A hockey puck is made of black vulcanized rubber and measures about three inches in diameter. The puck is shot into the net with a hockey stick.

Ice hockey is played in three periods of 20 minutes each. There is a 17-minute break between periods.


Generally speaking, penalties in ice hockey are assessed based on intent. They are broken down into several classifications. Some carry the option of a five-minute major, while others are two minutes minor.

There are 55 different offenses, according to the IIHF rule book. The most common infraction is fighting. When a fight starts, players are forced to drop their gloves. This is usually a result of a planned or spontaneous fight.

Another common infraction is roughing. This occurs when a player uses excessive force to hit an opponent in a minor altercation. Roughing can be called on one player or on both.

Overtime periods

Among the most exciting moments in sports, hockey overtime can turn players into hero’s. Unlike soccer’s extra time, which ends with a goal, hockey’s overtime is usually a 5-minute period that determines the winning team.

Hockey overtime rules differ by league. For example, in the American Hockey League, teams play five skaters instead of four. In the NHL, teams play with three players and one goaltender.

Overtime periods last five minutes, but they can last as long as three hours. During championship games, overtime periods are especially exciting. In ice hockey, a team that scores three goals in overtime is considered the winner.