The Laws of Football


Throughout the world, football has captured the imagination and interest of many people. It is the world’s most popular ball game and possesses great significance both in nations and in local communities. Football is governed internationally by the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). There are more than 1.3 billion people playing football worldwide and FIFA estimates that there are more than 250 million people interested in the game. In the 21st century, FIFA members number over 200 nations. The game was introduced to the Olympic Games in 1908, and it has been played in every Summer Games since then. Football has been a stumbling block in the Yugoslav wars in the 1990s, and it played a major role in provoking the Football War in 1969.

Football is a team game, and a team consists of a minimum of eleven players. A team’s style of play depends on the number of players in each position. The game is played with a ball covered in leather, with the players using their feet, legs, arms and hands to pass, dribble and shoot at the opponent’s goal. A goalkeeper is responsible for defending the goal. Players can change their positions at any time during the game, though they may spend most of the match in one particular position.

The game is divided into two halves, each of about 45 minutes. During the first 15 minutes, players pass the ball from one end of the field to the other. The second half begins when the ball is kicked out of play. There are penalties for fouls inside the goal area. Players on the opposing side must be ten yards from the ball at the time the penalty kick is taken. The referee is the timekeeper and he makes the final decision in each game. The referee is assisted by two assistant referees, who signal when a player is offside and signal the ball out of play.

In the lower divisions of most countries, players are part-time and amateur. In the top European leagues, however, most of the world’s best players play. In these games, fewer forwards and more defenders are used to create a more defensive game.

The game is governed internationally by the Federation Internationale De Football Association (FIFA). The laws of the game are framed in broad terms. These laws are designed to apply to all levels of the game. Several directives are issued by IFAB to regulate the game.

In 1863, the Football Association was formed in England. This association was instrumental in codifying the modern game. The Laws of the Game were first introduced at a meeting at the Freemason’s Tavern in Great Queen Street in London. The first comprehensive set of rules was published in 1863. These laws were the precursor to modern football codes.

Football became popular in the early 20th century, when industrial and urban workers were looking for new forms of leisure. The game was introduced to the Olympics in 1908, and it was widely played during the London Games. The game also spread across Europe in the early 20th century.