The Basics of Baseball


During the summer months, millions of children across the country are playing baseball. The game is a great activity to enjoy with family and friends. It is also a great way to pass on a family tradition. The game is played between two teams of nine players. The team that scores the most points after nine innings wins.

The game is played on a diamond-shaped field, with four bases on either side of a central area, called the pitching mound. The mound is a round mass of dirt about 60 feet from the center of the field. A catcher wears a body pad and leg guards to keep the ball from hitting him. The outfielder’s job is to catch any line drives on the bounce.

Baseball is played with a team of nine players. Players play at different positions, including the pitcher, first baseman, second baseman, third baseman, and catcher. The goal of the game is to score points by hitting the ball and running along bases. When a player hits a home run, the home team is awarded the point.

During a game, each team has three outs per inning. After three outs, the defensive team comes to the plate. The defensive team tries to prevent the batter from becoming a runner, or making an advance to a base. They can do so by catching the ball before it touches the ground, or by tagging the runner with the ball if they haven’t yet reached a base.

During a game, each inning is broken into two sections, the bottom and the top. The bottom is comprised of the home team’s bats. If the team is behind in the batting order, the team may have to bat until three outs are reached. The top of the inning is comprised of the away team’s bats.

The baseball field is divided into two sections: infield and outfield. The infield is composed of the pitching mound and the fielding area. Infielders wear mits, or oversized gloves, to help them catch the ball. They act independently of the pitcher. Fielders also wear leg guards, helmets, and gloves to prevent the batted ball from hitting them. The catcher wears a body pad and a helmet.

A ball that hits outside of the designated fielding area is considered a foul. This is because it is considered an unfair pitch. If a batter hits a foul ball, they can walk to first base and attempt to advance. They can also strike out, which is when the pitcher throws three strikes at the batter.

A home run is when the batter hits a ball over the left field fence. A home run is scored when the ball legally advances around all four bases and touches home plate. A home run is often a hit in the crowd, though the ball can also land in the outfield. If the home team ties the game after nine innings, an extra inning is added.