Originally played on a sheet of ice or dry floor, hockey evolved into the modern sport we know today. The game is played on a rink, which is divided into three main areas: the attacking and defending zones and the middle section. In modern ice hockey, each team has six skaters.
The object of the game is to score a goal. For a goal to be scored, the puck must cross the goal line. The puck is a round, solid rubber object weighing approximately six ounces. The puck is placed on a hockey goal tender’s stick, and then rolled into the goal.
The puck can be hit by any player’s stick, or by a player’s foot. The puck can also be passed to a player on the other team. The puck is also known as a “flying saucer” because it passes from one player to another without being intercepted. A flying saucer pass makes it difficult for a defender to intercept the puck.
During face-offs, players cannot encroach on small lines called hash marks, perpendicular to the face-off circles. These lines are designed to prevent players from encroaching on the opponents’ end zone. When an opponent enters the offensive zone before the puck arrives, he or she is called “offside.” This can result in a two-minute minor.
A goal is scored when a team shoots from the side of the center red line across the opposing goal line. The other team’s goaltender must make a save to keep the puck out of the net.
The game lasts for three periods, each of 20 minutes. The game can be extended by playing an extra period of overtime. The goaltender for each team changes ends during the second period. The team that wins the overtime period is declared the winner. If the game is tied at the end of the first or second period, it is played to a tiebreaker. Unlike most sports, hockey uses a game clock. The game clock is only started when the puck is in play. However, it is stopped for every stoppage in the game.
Ice hockey is played on a rink that is either a rectangular rink with an oval goal, or an 85-foot rink. Ice hockey has evolved into the world’s largest sport. In North America, modern ice hockey is played on rinks that are 200 feet long and 30 feet wide.
The game was first introduced in 1892. The International Pro Hockey League was formed in 1904. The first professional team was the Portage Lakers, owned by dentist J.L. Gibson. The Soviet Union was the most powerful hockey team in international hockey until the 1990s. However, the NHA, the premier ice hockey league of North America, emerged as the strongest league by the end of the 20th century. The Stanley Cup was first awarded in 1892-1993.
The name hockey is attributed to the French word hoquet. The word hockey was also used in Scotland to describe a game played on a sheet of ice. The word “hockey” also refers to the summer sport of field hockey, a variation of which is played on an outdoor field.