The Basics of Football


Football is an American sport played by two teams on a gridiron. Each team has a quarterback and defensive players line up on either side of the line of scrimmage. The game begins with a snap that puts the ball into play. The offensive centre, usually the quarterback, will then pass the ball between his legs to a teammate. The offensive player who catches the ball, called the ball-carrier, can then either run with it or hand it off to another player.

Offside law in football

Football is played with a rule called the offside law. If a player in an attacking position is caught in an offside position, they cannot touch the ball. Offside law also applies during corner kicks and free kicks. However, if a player cuts back the ball, they are not considered to be offside.

The offside position has to be close to the opponents’ goal line in order to be considered to be in the offside position. The player must also be closer to the ball than the second-last defender. In addition, the attacking player cannot be on the defensive half of the field. Offside may also occur from a free kick or a dropped ball.

The first experiment to play football without the offside law was over 50 years ago. However, recent developments have revived the debate, with several matches trialling the absence of the rule. The matches have a lot of similarities to the experimental match played 60 years ago. They were interesting not only because they were played without the offside law, but also because of the increased number of referees and indirect free kicks.

Goal of offense

The goal of offense in football is to score points during the game. The offense can do so by kicking a field goal or attempting a PAT (point-after-touchdown). Field goals are worth three points and may be attempted from anywhere on the field. A field goal is generally attempted from the inside of the defensive team’s fourth down position. If the field goal is successful, the ball is returned to the offensive team’s 20-yard line.

The offensive team may also choose to advance the ball. In this situation, the quarterback will pass the ball to the running back, who will attempt to gain yards by escaping the defense. Alternatively, the quarterback may choose to run with the ball.

Goal of extra point

The goal of the extra point in football is to convert a touchdown into points. This goal can be achieved from any point on the field, whether it is in the end zone or outside the field. Kickers have improved dramatically since the early 1970s, and the average accuracy for extra points has been above 99 percent for almost ten years. Kickers have also become more accurate and efficient, and many teams have been able to make extra points consistently for years.

The goal of the extra point has been around for over 100 years. In 1883, field goals were worth five points, and extra points, after a touchdown, were worth four. During this period, kickers were required to attempt an extra point on nearly half of the time.