The Junta de Castilla-La Mancha has sealed off a farm in Toledo after detecting the “Vibro cholerae” bacteria, which causes cholera, in the waters of a well, from which a girl drank, but without the toxin that triggers the massive diarrhea that characterizes the most virulent infection.
Health sources have explained to Efe this Wednesday that, although it is not frequent, it is not the first time that such a case has arisen, since this bacterium is transmitted by consuming contaminated water or food, as has been the case with this woman, who received her diagnosis in the Community of Madrid after going to the hospital services for severe diarrhoea.
Cholera is an acute diarrheal disease caused by the ingestion of food or water contaminated with this bacillus; Its transmission is closely linked to insufficient access to safe water and sanitation facilities, so the sources consulted emphasize that the risk for the Spanish population is practically non-existent.
As sources from the Castilla-La Mancha Ministry of Health told Efe, the Carlos III Health Institute contacted them “a few days ago” to report the case of this girl, who claimed to have drunk water on a farm belonging to the province of Toledo.
Health went to the farm, took samples of the water and the analysis has been positive for this bacterium, “Vibro cholerae”, but without the choleric enterotoxin (CT) that gives it the enormous pathogenicity that generates massive diarrhea that can lead to a fatal dehydration if left untreated.
In Spain there were three cholera epidemics in the 1970s, which affected Zaragoza, Barcelona, Valencia and Murcia (1971); Galicia (1975); Malaga and Barcelona (1979), in all three with a wide distribution and an incidence of 200-300 cases.
Since then, remember the cholera protocol of the Epidemiological Surveillance Network, there has been no outbreak and most of the detected cases have been imported. In addition, he insists that, at present, “due to the high coverage of drinking water and sanitation systems, cholera does not pose a significant threat in our environment.”