In 2020, in this extraordinary year, there will be many more international news that affect people’s hearts and shock the world.
In previous years, major international news may have affected some people in a certain region. However, in 2020, there will be many major global events that affect almost everyone.
BBC Chinese will review the ten major events with you.
1. New Coronavirus Outbreak
In 2020, people’s livelihoods and economies around the world will be greatly impacted by the new coronavirus Sars-CoV-2 pandemic.
On January 3, on the eve of the Chinese Lunar New Year, the Wuhan Municipal Health and Health Commission of Hubei Province reported that there had been “cases of pneumonia of unknown origin”, but no obvious evidence of “human-to-human transmission” was found. Subsequently, the National Health Commission of China confirmed that the “new coronavirus” was the pathogen of the epidemic.
After mid-January, tourists from Wuhan were diagnosed with infection in Thailand; within a few days, Japan, the United States, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macau all had their first confirmed cases. On January 23, Wuhan, the capital of Hubei province, and many surrounding cities announced the “closure of the city.” On January 30, the World Health Organization announced that the new coronavirus constituted an “international public health emergency.”
As of December 2020, the new crown virus continued to spread throughout the world, affecting 190 countries, causing 70 million infections and more than 1.5 million deaths.
Although researchers from all over the world are scrambling to develop a new crown vaccine, several vaccines have been approved for release to the public by December, but the World Health Organization still warns that the introduction of the vaccine will not solve all problems immediately, and it will take time to end the epidemic day.
Countries in the world shrouded in the new crown epidemic are forced to adopt measures to “close cities” and “isolate”, air traffic has fallen precipitously, economic activities have almost come to a standstill, interpersonal communication has been reduced to a minimum, and people’s lives have been severely affected.
Although China and neighboring countries in Asia and the Pacific have effectively controlled the spread of the virus, many countries in Europe and the Americas still did not get rid of the shadow of the virus until the end of the year.
In 2020, the hot words of the year in the three major English dictionaries in the English-speaking world all select words related to the epidemic without exception: lockdown, isolation, social distance…
According to Oxford Dictionary statistics, the term pandemic alone will increase its usage by more than 57,000% in 2020.
In 2020, Japan has designated the annual Chinese character as “secret”, reflecting that due to the new crown pneumonia epidemic this year, the government warned the public to avoid “confined spaces”, “dense crowds” and “close contact” in order to prevent the epidemic.
2. Australian bushfires
Like the new crown virus, the bushfires in Australia have spread from 2019 to 2020.
The Australian bushfire that began in September 2019, due to the continuous hot and dry weather after the southern hemisphere entered the summer, did not go out until February 2020 after heavy rain fell.
According to statistics, this century’s fire destroyed more than 110,000 square kilometers of jungles, forests, and parks, killing at least 33 people and burning more than 1 billion animals.
Scientific research reports pointed out that global warming has increased the risk of hot and dry weather, and the risk of bushfires has increased by at least 30%.
A report written by the World Weather Attribution consortium stated that if the global temperature rises by 2 degrees Celsius, the frequency of dry and hot weather will increase at least four times.
3. Climate Warming
The Australian bushfires that occurred at the beginning of the year also set the tone for more and more people around the world in 2020 to pay attention to the increasingly serious problem of climate warming.
According to October estimates by the World Meteorological Organization, 2020 will be another year with the highest temperature in history after 2016 and 2019.
In fact, since 1850 since the record of global temperature, there have been six years with the highest temperature in the past 170 years, that is, six years since 2015, of which 2020 will be the top three warmest years.
The most significant temperature rise occurred in Siberia near the Arctic, where the average temperature rose by 5 degrees Celsius.
Scientists have always emphasized that greenhouse gas emissions caused by human activities are the cause of global warming. Among them, about 90% of the heat accumulated in the climate system due to man-made climate change is stored in the ocean.
This has accelerated the melting of icebergs, rising sea levels and severe weather more frequently. The number and intensity of tropical storms have greatly increased; forest fires have become more violent in wider areas; and floods have spread in more and more areas.
All these natural disasters have displaced large numbers of people and endangered the food security of millions of people.
Scientists pointed out that in 2020, many people in developed countries are most concerned about the new crown epidemic. However, for the billions of people living in regions that cannot withstand the torture of climate, climate is still the biggest threat they have to face, and even more. Sadly, there is no one-shot vaccine to solve the climate problem.
In the view of scientists, leaving fossil fuels underground, using renewable energy as much as possible, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions will be the first step in the right direction to solve the problem of climate warming.
4. Basketball superstar Bryant and football star Maradona pass away
In early 2000, basketball superstar Kobe Bryant crashed and died and veteran football veteran Diego Maradona died of a heart attack at the end of the year. It has become a turbulent international political event that has attracted fans all over the world. We feel sad and shocking news.
On January 26, 2020, 41-year-old Kobe died after a private helicopter crashed near Calabasas, California.
Bryant has played for only one Los Angeles Lakers team during his entire professional basketball career. He has won five NBA championships on behalf of the team and is widely regarded as one of the greatest players in basketball history.
On November 25, 2020, Argentine superstar Maradona, known as the “Generation King” and one of the greatest players in football history, died of cardiac arrest at the age of 60.
He has represented Argentina in the World Cup four times, played 91 times and scored 34 goals.
After Maradona’s death, some members of the Argentine Congress proposed that banknotes bearing his head should be issued.
5. US Presidential Election
2020 is the four-year election year in the United States. Although the final vote was held in November at the end of the year, the election campaign has already begun.
The current US presidential election is a battle between the incumbent US President Donald Trump and the Democratic presidential candidate and former Vice President Joe Biden (Joe Biden).
At the beginning of the year, the trade war between the United States and China had temporarily ceased. The two sides signed the first phase of the trade agreement. The domestic economic situation in the United States is improving and the election seems to be beneficial to President Trump.
However, with the spread of the new crown virus epidemic in the United States, the number of infections and deaths has soared, and the economy has been hit hard, Trump’s public support rate has been declining, and the competition with Biden has become increasingly fierce.
On November 3, people across the United States actively participated in the vote. According to statistics by experts, the high turnout rate this time set a record for the United States in the past 120 years, reaching 66%. Trump and Biden each received more than 70 million votes, more than any former US president.
According to the procedure, the U.S. Congress will certify the voting results of the Electoral College in early January, which is about two weeks before the inauguration of the president. However, since the states have already estimated the results, major media in the United States have predicted Biden’s victory and called Biden the “president-elect.”
Towards the end of 2020, Biden’s action to form a government has been in full swing, nominating candidates for the heads of various key departments, and there is a tendency that “everything is ready, but the wind is owed.”
Although the dust has not yet settled in the US general election, this political race that affects the hearts of the world is expected to come to an end soon.
6. The fate of black people is also fate
On May 25, 2020, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, 46-year-old black George Floyd was caught by police on suspicion of buying a pack of cigarettes with counterfeit money .
After a white police officer knelt down on his neck for nearly nine minutes, Freud passed away. Before he died, he said: “I can’t breathe.”
Freud was violently executed by white police officers, shocking the world and provoking a wave of strong protests in many places in the United States and abroad.
People from all over the world have actively joined the “Black Lives Matter” movement, which has promoted the equal rights movement for black Americans that began in 2013 to the world.
In Europe, activists reflect on the history of African slave trade and slavery in the colonial powers in the past. Many sculptures of figures who participated in the history of slavery and slavery have been overthrown.
On the court, the athletes knelt down on one knee to express support for the disadvantaged groups fighting for equal rights and protest against widespread racism.
Former US President Barack Obama said in an interview with the BBC in mid-November that Freud’s death and the reactions it caused within and outside the United States were both desperate and optimistic.
He said: “What makes people desperate is that the long-standing problems of race and prejudice in our criminal justice system continue to function and continue to exist in such a blatant way; and what makes people feel extremely optimistic is that you see The spirit of resistance and the level of interest of the people have greatly surpassed what we have seen before, besides, the method used is peaceful.”
7. Lebanon explosion
On August 4, 2020, a violent explosion occurred in the port area of Beirut, the capital of Lebanon, causing 200 deaths and more than 6,000 injuries.
An investigation in Lebanon found that the explosion was caused by 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate stored in the port for a long time. Ammonium nitrate is widely used as agricultural fertilizer, but it can also be mixed with fuel oil to make explosives. It was shipped to Beirut by a cargo ship flying the Moldova flag as early as 2013.
As the cargo ship was involved in legal disputes such as arrears and unsuitable routes, the cargo ship was prohibited from leaving the port by the local authorities. In 2014, according to a court ruling, the cargo on board the cargo ship was unloaded to the port warehouse.
The person in charge of the port and the person in charge of customs said that they have repeatedly warned about the potential dangers caused by ammonium nitrate and requested additional resettlement, but they did not respond.
The disaster exacerbated Lebanon’s deep economic crisis, causing hundreds of thousands of people to take to the streets, demanding the removal of political elites suspected of corruption, mismanagement, and dereliction of duty.
On August 10, the then Prime Minister of Lebanon Hassan Diab announced the government’s collective resignation.
However, the political crisis caused by the port explosion continued until the end of the year. After the judge in charge of the investigation accused the caretaker government Prime Minister Diab and three former ministers of negligence, another former prime minister accused the judge of double standards and failed to pursue the responsibility of the president who had admitted to reading the relevant warning report.
8. Diplomatic breakthroughs between Israel and Arab countries
In 2020, diplomatic relations between countries in the Middle East have repeatedly become major international events.
On August 13, Israel and the UAE reached an agreement with the mediation of the United States, agreeing to achieve full normalization of relations.
On September 15th, on the South Lawn of the White House, Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu successively signed a relationship normalization agreement with UAE Foreign Minister Abdullah and Bahrain’s Foreign Minister Zayeni. U.S. President Trump also participated as a witness. The signing of the agreement.
This marks that 72 years after the founding of the state, Israel has finally achieved a zero breakthrough in diplomatic relations with the Gulf Arab countries.
On October 23, the United States, Israel, and Sudan, a member of the Arab League on the shore of the Red Sea, issued a joint statement in which the leaders of the three countries agreed to normalize relations between Sudan and Israel.
On December 10, the US government announced that Morocco and Israel, a member of the Arab League located in the northwest corner of Africa, agreed to establish comprehensive diplomatic relations.
So far, Israel has normalized relations with six Arab League member states, including Egypt and Jordan.
U.S. President Trump announced on Twitter that Israel and Morocco have decided to establish diplomatic relations and at the same time declared: This is another major breakthrough for peace in the Middle East.
In the past few decades, most Arab countries have adopted a boycott attitude towards Israel, and once listed the settlement of disputes between Israel and Palestine as a prerequisite for establishing diplomatic relations with Israel.
As far as Palestine is concerned, it is a betrayal of Palestine by these Arab countries to disregard their commitment to Palestine and to establish diplomatic relations with Israel.
As far as the United States is concerned, the establishment of diplomatic relations between Israel and Arab countries will further consolidate the United States’ alliance camp against Iran’s main opponent in the Middle East.
BBC Middle East Affairs Editor Jeremy Bowen analyzes that Israel has broken through its isolation in the Middle East and strengthened its alliance with Iran, its old enemy, while Iran’s diplomatic space has been tightening.
9. Thailand protests
The protests in Thailand have a long history. The protests in Thailand in 2020 have been intermittent from February at the beginning of the year to the end of the year. From the initial student protests, it expanded to a series of deep-rooted social and economic inequalities in Thailand, and even royal reforms. Major issues.
In February, a Thai court ordered the dissolution of the newly pro-popular opposition party, the Future Progress Party (FFP), triggering a new wave of protests.
By July, protesters demanded the resignation of Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha, who came to power in the 2014 coup and won last year’s controversial election.
In September, protesters gathered in Bangkok for the largest demonstration since the new government came to power in 2014.
On October 14, during the Bangkok protests, when the Queen of Thailand was riding in a car passing by a group of protesters, someone shouted “My tax” and made a three-finger gesture to show their dissatisfaction.
On October 16, when thousands of protesters gathered in a business district in Bangkok, they encountered police spraying liquid containing blue dye and chemical irritants with high-pressure water guns. In the following days, the demonstrators continued to hold larger gatherings despite the emergency order issued by the authorities.
In mid-November, Thailand restored a controversial law prohibiting criticism of the royal family in an attempt to curb anti-government protests that have lasted for several months.
Jonathan Head, a BBC correspondent in Southeast Asia, observes that the outspoken criticism of the king is new in Thailand. “In the past Thai political movements, few people dared to raise objections and criticisms of the monarchy. But in the eyes of the younger generation of activists, how the king spends money, if he is in power, someone must intervene and accept questioning.
Brexit has reached its final stage in 2020. Since the United Kingdom held a referendum on Brexit on June 23, 2016, and decided to leave the European Union to fly solo, there have been many debates, discussions and opinions on how the United Kingdom will leave the European Union in the past three years.
On January 31, 2020, Britain officially withdrew from the European Union, and negotiations between the two sides on the future relationship began immediately. According to the regulations, there is an 11-month transition period for the breakup of the UK and the EU, and the original regulations will still be valid until the end of 2020.
Boris Johnson, the prime minister of the Conservative Party, who was successfully elected in the December 2019 general election, once declared with great enthusiasm that Brexit was “a new era of dawn” and “the curtain opens and a new drama is about to be staged”.
However, Johnson also reminded the people that after Brexit, it is not a smooth road. When Johnson gave this reminder, he should have not expected that the agreement negotiations with the EU would be so difficult, and the negotiations for several months were still facing major issues before the deadline and unable to reach agreement.
When negotiations between the United Kingdom and the European Union were difficult, free trade agreements were signed in Asia with Japan and Singapore in October and December respectively, bringing rare good news to the prospect of Brexit in the epidemic.
At the last moment before Christmas Eve in 2020, and about a week before the end of the Brexit transition period, the EU and the UK finally reached a package of agreements including a post-Brexit bilateral trade agreement. This marks a new chapter in the relationship between the UK and the EU.